FFmpeg is the leading framework for decoding, encoding, transcoding, muxing, demuxing, streaming, filtering and playing pretty much any media format. It supports widespread and standardized, proprietary and fringe file formats and encodings. It's comprised of the ffmpeg, ffserver, ffplay and ffprobe utilities. But also provides libavcodec, libavutil, libavformat, libavfilter, libavdevice, libswscale and libswresample for application use. Its primary development attention is on security.
Hasciicam makes it possible to have live ASCII video on the Web. It captures video from a TV card and renders it into ASCII, formatting the output into an HTML page with a refresh tag or in a live ASCII window or in a simple text file as well, giving anyone that has a bttv card, a Linux box, and a cheap modem line the ability to show a live asciivideo feed that can be browsable without any need for a plugin, Java, etc.